Ammonium Acetate, Formula, Preparation Method, Chemical Properties

Ammonium Acetate

Ammonium acetate is a white crystalline solid compound and it is a slightly odourless. It is obtained by the reaction of ammonia with acetic acid. It is mainly used for chemical analysis, food preservatives and pharmaceutical industry.  The systematic IUPAC name is known as ammonium acetate. The chemical or molecular formula of ammonium acetate is NH4CH3CO2. It is also known as the spirit of mindererus.

Structural Formula

This is the structural formula of the ammonium acetate. It is the combination of weak acid and weak base to form a buffer solution. At low pressures this chemical components is volatile because it is used to replace the new buffer solution with non-volatile compounds.

Ammonium Acetate

Chemical Formula

The chemical formula of the ammonium acetate is NH4CH3CO2.

Preparation Method

There are the two methods for preparing the ammonium acetate that has been as follows. It can be produced by the saturation of glacial acetic acid or CH3COOH with NH3 or ammonia (or) by the neutralization of acetic acid with (NH4)2CO3 or ammonium carbonate. The chemical reaction is as follows.

Learn More:   Aluminium Carbonate Formula, Preparation Method, Chemical Properties

NH4CH3CO2 → CH3C(O)NH2 + H2O

Physical Properties

Melting point 113C
Boiling point 1625C
Molecular weight 77.083g/mol
Density 1.17g/cm3
Solubility in water 102g/100mL
Crystal structure Orthorhombic
Magnetic susceptibility -41.1×10-6cm3/mol
Appearance White solid crystals, deliquescent
Viscosity 21
Acidity 9.9
Basicity 33

Chemical Properties

It is more hazardous to the atmosphere or living environment. The viscosity of the ammonium acetate is high and the balance of acidity and basicity has been equal to the share of chemical compounds. The boiling point of the ammonium acetate is very high.


Ammonium acetate is used for making of explosives. It is used to manufacturing of vinyl plastics. It is a reagent used for analytical chemistry. Ammonium acetate is widely used to preservation of meat. It is mostly used for textile industry for dyeing. It is used to the form of food acidity regulator.


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