# Power systems MCQs Gate Preparation Power Transmission Generation-3:

51.A voltage of 1000 kV is applied to an overhead line with its receiving end open. If the surge impedance of the line is 500 ohms, then the total surge power in the line is

a)2000MW b)500MW

c)2MW d)0.5MW

Answer:2000MW

52.Shunt compensation in an EHV line is used

a) improve stability

b) reduce fault level

c)improve the voltage

d)substitute for synchronous phase modifier

Answer: substitute for synchronous phase modifier.

53.An industrial consumer has a daily load pattern of 2000kW,0.8 lag for 12 Hrs. and 1000kW UPF for 12 Hrs. the load factor is

a)10.5 b)0.75

c)0.6 d)2.0

Answer:0.75

54.The single phase line of 230 V and 3-phase line of 400 V which feed different domestic circuits and industrial loads represent

a) primary distribution

b) secondary distribution

c)secondary transmission

d)none of these

Answer: secondary distribution

55.The transmission line feeding power on either side of the main transmission line is called

a) secondary distribution

b) secondary transmission

c)primary transmission

d)primary distribution

Answer: secondary transmission

56.Series capacitive compensation on **EHV transmission** lines is used to

a) reduce the line loading

b) improve the stability of the system

c)reduce the voltage profile

d)improve the protection of the line

Answer: improve the protection of the line

57.At a particular unbalanced node, the real powers specified are

Leaving the node:20 MW,25 MW,

Entering the node: 60 MW, 30 MW.

The balance power will be

a)30 MW leaving the node

b)45 MW leaving the node

c)45 MW entering the node

d)22.5MW entering the node and 22.5 MW leaving the node

Answer: 45 MW leaving the node

58.When a deck source is switched is purely inductive, the current response is

a) an exponentially rising is

b) an exponentially decaying curve

c)a straight line passing through the origin

d)a straight line off-set from the origin

Answer: a straight line passing through the origin

59.If transformer frequency is changed from 50 Hz, to 60 Hz the ratio of eddy current loss 60 Hz, to 50 Hz at constant voltage will be

a)5/6 b)25/36

c)6/5 d)1.0

Answer:1.0

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## LOAD FLOW ANALYSIS

60.In load flow analysis, the load connected at a bus is represented as

a) constant current drawn from the bus

b) constant impedance connected at the bus

c)voltage and frequency dependent source at the bus

d)constant real and reactive drawn from the bus

Answer: constant real and reactive drawn from the bus

## VOLTAGE CONTROL AND POWER FACTOR CORRECTION

61.In a synchronous machine, in case the axis of field flux is in line with the armature flux, the machine is working

a) as synchronous mother

b) as the synchronous generator

c)as floating machine

d)the machine will not work

Answer: as floating machine

62.An ideal voltage source is connected across a variable resistance. The variation of current as a function of resistance is given by

a) a straight line passing through the origin

b) a rectangular hyperbola

c)a parabola

d)all of the above

Answer: a rectangular hyperbola

63.Pure inductive circuit takes power (**reactive**) from the arc. line when

a) both applied voltage and current rise

b) both applied voltage and current decrease

c)applied voltage decreases but current increases

d)none of these

Answer: both applied voltage and current decrease

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64.An **alternator** has a phase sequence of RYB for its phase voltage. In case of field current is reversed, the phase sequence will become

a) RBY b) RYB

c)YRB d) none of these

Answer: RYB

65.A 10 kVA, 400 V/200 V single phase transformer with 10% impedance draws a steady short circuit line current of

a)50 A b)150 A

c)250 A d)350 A

Answer:150 A

66.The percentage resistance and percentage reactance of a 10 kVA, 400 V/200 V, 3-phase transformer are 2% and 10% respectively. If the constant losses in the machine are 1%, the maximum possible percentage efficiency of the transformer is

a)98.32 b)97.25

c)96.85 d)96.12

Answer:96.85

67.With the help of a reactive compensator, it is possible to have

a) constant voltage operation only

b) unity pp. operation only

c)both constant voltage and unity pp.

d)either constant voltage or unity pp.

Answer: either constant voltage or unity pp.

68.For a long uncompensated line the limit to the line loading is governed by

a) thermal limit b) voltage drop

c)stability limit d) corona loss

Answer: stability limit

69.A shunt reactor at 100 Mar is operated at 98% of its rated voltage and at 96% of its rated frequency. The reactive power absorbed by the reactor is

a)98 Mar b)104.02 Mar

c)96.04 Mar d)100.04 Mar

Answer: 100.04 Mar

70.A 100 kVA transformer has 4% impedance and 50 kVA transformer has 3% impedance when they are operated in parallel, which transformer will reach full load first

a)3% b)4%

c)data is insufficient d) none of these

Answer: 3%

71.The combined frequency regulation of machines in area of capacity 150 MW and operating at a normal frequency of 60 kHz is 0.1 up on its own base capacity. The regulation in Hz/MW will be

a)0.1/1500 b)60/1500

c)6/1500 d)60/150

Answer:6/1500

72.Load frequency control is achieved by properly matching the individual machine’s

a) reactive powers

b) generated voltages

c)turbine inputs

d)turbine and generator ratings

Answer: turbine inputs

73.In a power station, the cost of generation of power reduces most effectively when

a) diversity factor alone increase

b) both diversity factor and load factor increases

c)load factor alone increases

d)both diversity factor and load factor decreases

Answer: both diversity factor and load factor decreases

74.The additional cost per hour to increase the output of plant 1 by 1 MW is

a)200 Rs/MWh b)151 Rs/MWh

c)160 Rs/MWh d)180 Rs/MWh

Answer:160 Rs/MWh

75.For a fault at the terminals of a synchronous generator, the fault current is maximum for a

a)3-phase fault

b)3-phase to ground fault

c)line-to ground fault

d)line-to-line fault

Answer: line-to-line fault