Copper loss calculator:
Enter the primary current and resistance, secondary current and resistance. Then press calculates button to get copper loss in watts.
If you need to find single-phase transformer copper loss, then take the first results or if you need three-phase copper loss then consider the second result.
Copper loss calculation formula:
Copper loss Pc in Watts is equal to the resistance R(Ω) in ohms times of the square of the current I(A) in Amps.
Copper loss Pc = I2 x R Watts
But the transformer has two winding such as primary winding and secondary winding. Hence we need to calculate the copper loss for both primary and secondary windings.
Therefore, transformer copper loss Pc in watts is equal to the sum of the primary copper loss and secondary copper loss. The formula can be written as
Pc = Primary copper loss + Secondary Copper loss
Pc = I(P-A)2 x R1(Ω) + I(S-A)2 x R2(Ω)
I(P-A) = Primary Current in Amps.
I(S-A) = Secondary Current in Amps.
R1(Ω) = Primary Resistance in ohms.
R2(Ω) = Secondary resistance in ohms.
Three-phase Transformer copper loss calculation:
Three-phase copper loss Pc in watts is equal to 3 times of the single-phase copper loss. Hence we can write it as,
Pc = 3 * (I(P-A)2 x R1(Ω) + I(S-A)2 x R2(Ω)) Watts