Zinc HydroxideSodium Nitride, Formula, Chemical Properties, Preparation, Application

Zinc Hydroxide

Zinc hydroxide is an inorganic compound that has the white powder in the appearance. It contains three rare minerals such as wulfingite, ashoverite and sweetite. Zinc hydroxide have the properties of reacting two compounds such as bases and acids. When it is exposed to the strong acid the insoluble hydroxide is dissolved. The systematic IUPAC name is known as zinc hydroxide. The chemical or molecular formula of zinc hydroxide is Zn(OH)2.

Structural Formula

This is the structural formula of the zinc hydroxide:

Zinc Hydroxide

Chemical Formula

The chemical formula of the zinc hydroxide is Zn(OH)2.

Preparation Method

The zinc hydroxide is prepared by adding the zinc salt with the sodium hydroxide solution to form. Because the zinc is cations and hydroxide is anions and it formed the equal concentrations. When the precipitation of zinc hydroxide is dissolved the sodium hydroxide is added at a large quantity for leaving the colourless zincate ion solution.

Learn More:   Aluminium Oxide, Formula, Preparation Method, Chemical Properties

Zn + 2OHB → Zn(OH)2

Physical Properties

Melting point 125C
Boiling point decomposes
Molecular weight 99.424g/mol
Density 3.053g/cm3
Solubility in water Slightly soluble
Solubility in alcohol Insoluble
Magnetic susceptibility -67.1×10-6cm3/mol
Appearance White powder

Chemical Properties

When the zinc hydroxide is reacted with the aluminium that forms a white precipitate solution that could be indicated the presence of aluminium. It has insoluble in alcohol. It has a low density and medium molecular weight. The magnetic susceptibility is slightly greater.


Zinc hydroxide is used in medicine as an absorbing agent. It is used in commercial production of pigments and pesticides. They are utilized careful in dressings works at retentive. Huge bandages are used in post medical procedure. Zinc hydroxide is also mainly used agricultural field for pesticides. It reacts with both bases and acids. It is reacts with strong acid and get dissolved. It is medically used in absorbing agent.


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