Strontium Chloride, Formula, Chemical Properties, Preparation, Uses

Strontium Chloride

Strontium chloride is an inorganic salt that has consists the strontium and chloride. In the aqueous solution it forming the compounds of strontium and easily converted to the typical salt. It also acts as the intermediate compound between the barium chloride and calcium chloride. The polarization of the electron core may causes the distortion and it could be directly interacts with the strontium-chloride bonds. The systematic IUPAC name is known as strontium chloride. The chemical or molecular formula of strontium chloride is SrCl2. It is also known as strontium II chloride.

Structural Formula

This is the structural formula of the strontium chloride:

Strontium Chloride

Chemical Formula

The chemical formula of the strontium chloride is SrCl2.

What Method the Strontium Chloride Prepared

The strontium chloride is prepared by treating the chemical compounds in the aquous solutions. When the strontium hydroxide or strontium carbonate is reacted with the hydrochloric acid, it will give the product as strontium chloride and water is given as the byproduct. Then it gives the hexahydrate when this is undergoes to the crystallization. The chemical reaction is given as follows.

Learn More:   Ammonium Hydroxide, Formula, Preparation Method, Chemical Properties

Sr(OH)2 + 2 HCl → SrCl2 + 2 H2O

Physical Properties

Melting point 874C
Boiling point 1250C
Molecular weight 158.53g/mol
Density 3.052g/cm3
Solubility in water 53.8g/100mL(20C)
Refractive index 1.650
Crystal structure Deformed rutile structure
Magnetic susceptibility -63×10-6cm3/mol
Appearance White crystalline solid
Solubility Slightly soluble in ethanol and acetone. Insoluble in ammonia.

Chemical Properties

Strontium chloride is caused the irritant to the eyes and skin. It appears as a white crystalline solid. It has deformed rutile in the structure. It is insoluble in the ammonia. The boiling point is greater than the melting point.

Applications

Strontium chloride is used for red colouring agent in fireworks. It is widely used for the treatment of bone cancer. It can be reduced the tooth sensitivity. It acts as the corrosive inhibitor for aluminium metals.

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