Sodium Citrate, Formula, Preparation Method, Chemical Properties

Sodium Citrate

Sodium citrate is a chemical compound that is used to adding flavor to food productive materials in the industry. E331 is the most additive flavouring materials. It dissociates to the sodium cations and citrate anions. It also acts as a anticoagulant agent also acts as a anitcoagulant agents. The systematic IUPAC name is known as sodium citrate. The chemical or molecular formula of sodium citrate is Na3C6H5O7.

Structural Formula

This is the structural formula of the sodium citrate:

Sodium Citrate

Chemical Formula

The chemical formula of the sodium citrate is Na3C6H5O7.

Preparation method

Sodium citrate is prepared with the help of the reacting with the sodium bicarbonate as the adding the absorption process it looks like a little alkanizing activity to the form of materials. It has more common salt quality reactions in the redox oxidasation methods.

Physical Properties

Melting point 300C
Boiling point 309.6C
Molecular weight 258.06g/mol
Density 1.7g/cm3
Solubility in water soluble
Learn More:   Magnesium Acetate, Formula, Preparation Method, Chemical Properties

Chemical Properties

This sodium citrate has high boiling point and more hazardous substances. In organic synthesis it can be used to produce the other citrate chemical compounds. It has a cumulative toxic with a relatively half long life. It looks like a more severe toxic substances compared to the other chemical compound


Sodium citrate is used in emulsifier of oils. It is also used in medical field for pharmautical aid. sodium citrate is enables the melting of cheeses. It is widely used infood additive. It prevent the curdling of milk. It used to avoid clotting of blood. It is mainly used as an elactroplating. Usually used in foods and drinks as an acidity regulator. sodium citrate is used in mainly oil industry.


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