Sodium Chloride, Formula, Preparation Method, Chemical Properties

Sodium Chloride

Sodium chloride is a ionic compound that has occurred in the sea water and oceans. In it aqueous form it has consists of saline solution. It is naturally occurs in white crystalline solid. It has consists of both the reactions that means the acidic and base. It plays an important role in the muscle contractions and nerve impulses. The systematic IUPAC name is known as sodium chloride. The chemical or molecular formula of sodium chloride is NaCl.

Structural Formula

This is the structural formula of the sodium chloride:

Sodium Chloride

Chemical Formula

The chemical formula of the sodium chloride is NaCl.

Preparation Method

It is prepared by the using of acidic or base solutions combined together. During the HCl reaction it is evolved the hydrogen gas in the aqeous form. By making the 1m and 2m solutions of NaCl you need to first the shake the acid until it is dissolved in the water. add the required the gram of salt for making the sodium choride solution.

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Physical Properties

Melting point 801C
Boiling point 1413oC
Molecular weight 58.44g/mol
Density 2.165g/cm3
Solubility in water 360g/1000g pure water at T=25C
Refractive index 1.5441
Crystal structure Face centered cubic
Magnetic susceptibility -30.2×10-6cm3/mol
Appearance Colourless cubic crystals

Chemical properties

It has consists of the high melting point. When it is soluble in water it is recommended to the make of pure water at the temperature of 25C. The Ph level of sodium chloride is 7. It is widely used in the table salt and has consists of the food preservative and industry flavouring.


Sodium chloride is used in medical field in nasal spray. sodium chloride is mainly used in fire  extinguishers. In another way, this could be widely used in shampoo,toothpaste etc.. It is used in soda ash industry through solvay process. It is also used in paper and textile industry and road construction. sodium chloride is used in water softeningand also it plays a role in muscle contraction.

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