Cadmium Nitrate, Formula, Chemical Properties, Preparation, Application

Cadmium Nitrate

Cadmium nitrate is  an inorganic chemical compound that has consists of cadmium and nitrate which has highly soluble in alcohols. That has been predominantly used in the field of agriculture for increasing the nitrogen minerals. It is a white crystalline hygroscopic solid. This is a major component for the explosive mixtures in quarrying, mining and civil constructions. The systematic IUPAC name is known as cadmium nitrate. The chemical or molecular name of cadmium nitrate is Cd(NO3)2. It is also known as nitric acid or cadmium salt.

Structural Formula

This is the structural formula of the cadmium nitrate:

Cadmium Nitrate

Molecular Formula

The chemical formula or molecular formula of the cadmium nitrate is Cd(NO3)2. It has consists of cadmium and two nitrate ions.

Preparation Method of Cadmium Nitrate

By using the crystallation process it can be prepared by the two methods. In the first method the calcium oxide is reacted with the nitric acid and it gives the cadmium nitrate is the product and water is the byproduct. In the second method it is reacted between the cadmium carbonate and nitric acid to give the cadmium nitrate as the product and carbon dioxide, water as the byproduct.

Learn More:   Hydrogen Sulfate, Formula, Chemical Properties, Preparation, Uses

CdO + 2 HNO3 → Cd(NO3)2 + H2O

CdCO3 + 2 HNO3 → Cd(NO3)2 + CO2 + H2O

Physical Properties

Melting point 561C
Boiling point 132C
Molecular weight 164.088g/mol
Density 2.5g/cm3
Solubility in water 109.7g/100mL
Refractive index 1.569
Crystal structure Cubic
Magnetic susceptibility -5.51×10-6cm3/mol
Appearance White crystals hygroscopic
Solubility Soluble in acids, ammonia and alcohols.
Odor odourless

 

Chemical Properties

Cadmium nitrate is corrosive material and reacts violently with the water. It is a non inflammable substances. It is related to organic chemistry. It is antifluorite in structure. It looks like a white solid in the appearance. The boiling point is high and the melting point is low. It has low molar mass and high density.

Uses

Cadmium nitrate is used in agricultural fields as a fertilizer. It is an oxidizing agent. It is used as a raw material making other nitrate compounds. It is used for light industry and also fireworks.

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