## Zener Voltage Calculator:

Enter the values of resistor voltage drop, V_{r(V)} and supply voltage, V_{s(V)} to determine the value of Zener voltage, V_{z(V)}.

__Zener Voltage Formula:__

__Zener Voltage Formula:__

Zener voltage (Vz) is a critical concept in electrical engineering, particularly in the design and application of Zener diodes for voltage regulation.

A Zener diode allows current to flow in both directions, but it is specifically designed to conduct in the reverse direction when a particular reverse voltage, known as the Zener voltage, is reached.

This characteristic makes it useful for stabilizing voltage in power supplies.

Zener voltage, V_{z(V)} in volts can be calculated by subtracting the resistor voltage drop, V_{r(V)} in volts from the supply voltage, V_{s(V)} in volts.

Zener voltage, V_{z(V)} = V_{s(V)} – V_{r(V)}

V_{z(V)} = zener voltage in volts, V.

V_{s(V)} = supply voltage in volts, V.

V_{r(V)} = resistor voltage drop in volts, V.

__Zener Voltage Calculation:__

__Zener Voltage Calculation:__

**Calculate the Zener voltage in a circuit with a supply voltage of 12 volts and a resistor voltage drop of 2 volts:**

Given: V_{s(V)} = 12V, V_{r(V)} = 2V.

Zener voltage, V_{z(V)} = V_{s(V)} – V_{r(V)}

V_{z(V)} = 12 – 2

V_{z(V)} = 10V.

**Suppose a circuit has a supply voltage of 24 volts and the Zener voltage is 18 volts. Calculate the resistor voltage drop:**

Given: V_{s(V)} = 24V, V_{z(V)} = 18V.

Zener voltage, V_{z(V)} = V_{s(V)} – V_{r(V)}

V_{r(V)} = V_{s(V)} – V_{z(V)}

V_{r(V)} = 24 – 18

V_{r(V)} = 6V.

__Applications and Considerations:__

__Applications and Considerations:__

**Voltage Regulation**: Zener diodes are commonly used for maintaining a stable voltage across a load.**Protection Circuits**: They protect sensitive components from overvoltage conditions.**Clipping Circuits**: In signal processing, Zener diodes can clip voltage peaks to a desired level.