### Transformer Full Load Current Calculator:

Enter the voltage, kVA rating then press the calculate button. You can choose the single or three-phase as well as line to line or line to neutral option to find the full load amps. After changing press calculates button to get the current in Amps. Reset button clears all the value in the field.

### What is full load current:

Full load current is nothing but a the maximum allowable current to the winding and which is used to design the protection system for the transformer.

### Transformer current calculations:

Transformer current can be calculated from two ways such as

- Using Power calculation method
- Using the turns ratio method

### Using Power equation method:

Power equation can be classified into two types one is single-phase and another is three-phase. If the input of the transformer has single phase (R or Y or B) with neutral (N) means those transformers are called a single-phase transformer. If the transformer has three-phase input means those transformers are called as a three-phase transformer.

#### Single-phase transformer current calculations

Transformer full load current I_{(A)} in amps for single-phase transformer is equal to 1000 times of transformer rating S_{(kVA)} in kVA (kilo Volt-Amp) divided by the primary V_{(P-V) }or secondary voltage V_{(S-V)} in volts of the transformer. In general, the full load current is equal to

I_{(A)} = S_{(kVA) }*1000 / V_{(V)}

If the transformer is rated in MVA means, the formula will be

I_{(A)} = S_{(MVA) }*1000000 / V_{(V)}

The transformer has two current one is primary current and another one is secondary current.

If you want to calculate primary current we should consider primary voltage only, then the formula will be

Primary current in Amps I_{(P-A)} = S_{(kVA) }* 1000 / V_{(P-V)}

If you want to calculate secondary current, then we need to take secondary voltage only; Then the formula will be

Secondary current in Amps I_{(S-A)} = S_{(kVA) }*1000 / V_{(S-V)}

**Example:**

Calculate the full load current of the single-phase transformer rating of 25kVA, 230 volts.

Full load current in amps = 25 *1000 / 230 = 108.696 A

#### Three-phase transformer current calculations

The full load current I_{(A)} in amps is equal to 1000 times of transformer rating S_{(kVA)} in kVA divided by the multiplication of root 3 times of line to line voltage V_{(V)} in volts.

I_{(A)} = S_{(kVA) }*1000 / (1.732 * V_{(V)})

if you take the phase to neutral voltage V_{(L-N) }in Volts means the current formula will be

I_{(A)} = S_{(kVA) }*1000 / (3 * V_{(L-N)})

Hence for calculating primary current I_{(P-A)} in Amps will be

I_{(P-A)} = S_{(kVA) }*1000 / (1.732 * V_{(P-V)})

V_{(P-V)} is the primary voltage in Volts

Hence, the formula for secondary current I_{(S-A)} in amps will be

I_{(S-A)} = S_{(kVA) }*1000 / (1.732 * V_{(S-V)})

V_{(S-V)} = Secondary voltage in volts.

### Turns ratio method:

As you know, the ratio between the primary voltage V_{(P-V)} in volts to the secondary voltage V_{(S-V)} in volts is equal to the ratio between the secondary current I_{(S-A)} in Amps to the primary current I_{(S-A)} in amps. The relation can be written as,

(V_{(P-V)}/V_{(S-V)}) = (I_{(S-A)}/I_{(P-A)}) = (N_{(P)}/ N_{(S)}

N_{p} = Primary Turns

N_{s} = Secondary Turns

If you know any three parameters of the above, you can calculate the full load current in amps of the transformer from turns ratio.

Let rewrite the formula for secondary current,

I_{(S-A)} = (V_{(P-V) }* I_{(P-A)} / V_{(S-V)})

I_{(S-A)} = N_{(P) }* I_{(P-A)} / N_{(S)}

Let rewrite the formula for primary current

I_{(P-A)} = V_{(S-V)} * I_{(S-A)} / V_{(P-V) }

I_{(P-A)} = I_{(S-A)} * N_{(S)} / N_{(P)}